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"The heart of Osiris has in very truth been weighed, and his Heart-soul has borne testimony on his behalf; his heart has been found right by the trial in the Great Balance. "

The Speech of Thoth



The Egyptian Book of the Dead (𓂋𓏤𓈒𓈒𓈒𓏌𓏤𓉐𓂋𓏏𓂻𓅓𓉔𓂋𓅱𓇳𓏤) also translated as The Book of Coming Forth by Day is a collection of religious texts and spells that were believed to guide the deceased through the afterlife and into the presence of the gods. The book is a compilation of various texts that were written over a period of more than a thousand years, from the Old Kingdom to the Greco-Roman period of Egyptian history. The spells and rituals in the book were intended to help the deceased overcome the obstacles and challenges they would face in the afterlife and ensure a successful transition to the afterworld.

The book contains a wide range of spells, ranging from incantations for protection against evil spirits to prayers for the judgement of the soul before the gods. It also includes detailed instructions for the embalming and burial process, as well as a map of the afterlife and descriptions of the gods and goddesses who reside there. The spells in the book were often accompanied by illustrations and hieroglyphics, which were intended to aid the deceased in their journey through the afterlife.


Hieroglyphic illustrations depicted scenes from Egyptian mythology, such as the weighing of the heart ceremony, in which the deceased's heart is weighed against the feather of Ma'at.

Ma’at refers to the ancient Egyptian concepts of truth, balance, order, harmony, law, morality, and justice. Ma’at was also the goddess who personified these concepts and regulated the stars, seasons, and the actions of mortals and the deities who had brought order from chaos at the moment of creation.​ The 42 confessions of Ma’at (or the negative confessions) are a personalized declaration that one could make after death as part of the transition into the afterlife and serve as an inventory of one's transgressions.​​ 

“I have destroyed wickedness for Thee."
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