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Parliamentary Procedure

Democracy is a form of government in which power is ultimately held by the people. It is a continually evolving system that allows citizens to participate in the decision-making process, either directly through civic action or through their elected representatives in order to have a say in how they are governed.

Elected representatives are individuals chosen to represent the people's interests and make decisions on their behalf, they are accountable to the people who elected them, and they have a responsibility to act in the best interests of their constituents. These representatives meet in the Parliament of Canada which is made up of two entities:

Representation is an essential element of democracy because it allows for diverse voices to be heard and for decisions to be made that reflect the views and interests of the population as a whole. By electing representatives who are accountable to them, citizens can ensure that their concerns and priorities are reflected in the decisions made by their government.



Royal Assent

Public participation


Ceremony and tradition are important aspects of the Canadian parliamentary process. Many of the practices and procedures that are followed in Parliament have been developed over centuries, and are steeped in tradition and symbolism.

For example, the opening of each session of Parliament is marked by a ceremonial event known as the Speech from the Throne. During this event, the Governor General delivers a speech outlining the government's priorities and agenda for the upcoming session.

Other examples include the use of ceremonial maces, which are ornamental staffs that symbolize the authority of the Speaker of the House of Commons and the Speaker of the Senate, traditional garments such as robes and wigs, as well as the wearing of orders, decorations and medals by some parliamentary officials.

While these traditions and ceremonies may seem outdated to some, they are important symbols of Canada's history, and are intended to give weight and dignity to the parliamentary process. They also serve to remind parliamentarians of the importance and solemnity of their duties, and of the need to uphold the values and principles that underpin Canada's system of government.

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